As the name indicates, the phrase balanced diet represents the diet that contains equal proportion of all essential nutrients. Essential nutrients are those nutrients without their presence in the diet, the body cannot function normally. The recommended intake of each essential nutrient in the body is of cardinal importance for normal physiological function. To have an understanding of the balanced diet, you must have an ample knowledge about the recommended intake, biochemical and physiological functions of each nutrient, problems caused due to excess and lack of essential nutrient. A balanced diet is recommended for normal physiological functions of the body.
There is bagful of essential nutrients but here I will quote two examples of problems caused due to excess and deficiency of essential nutrients. For example, the deficiency of carbohydrates in the diet can lead to abnormal mental functions if deficiency in diet persists for a considerable time period. Similarly, the excess of fats in the diet lead to obesity that is root cause of all diseases. By these two examples you can understand the importance of a balanced diet for a normal and healthy body. A balanced diet contains fruits, vegetables, meat and meat products, dairy, poultry and carbohydrates. A balanced diet provides you the recommended number of calories. For a normal body the 55% of total calories should come from carbohydrate sources, 35% from protein and 15 to 20% fat. To have a mentioned amount of calories from each source you should know that how a balanced diet can provide all these recommended number of calories.
A balanced diet consist of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water as well. Here are the foods containing carbs, proteins, fats, minerals and vitamins.
Carbohydrate sources in a balanced diet
Carbohydrate sources in a diet can be rice, wheat, bread and pulses
Protein sources are meat (red and white) egg, fish and legumes and vegetables
Fat in a diet comes from two sources one is the cooking oil and second is the food’s own fat. For example the fat content of milk is the milk’s natural fat.
Now let’s move back towards the balanced diet. In a balanced diet vitamins and minerals are present within the carbohydrate, proteins and fatty acids. Balanced diet is important for your body because all tissues and organs of the body to function effectively. The intake of balanced diet provides good nutrition to the body. Regular physical activity with a balanced diet is the secret of long life while a lack of physical activity for a longer time period with balanced diet can be threat to the life. After digestion and absorption when all essential and required nutrients are supplied to cells and organs, the excess calories of the balanced diet get stored in the adipose tissue and after a time period and we call it as obesity. Regular physical activity is also a part of balanced diet so that the excess energy from the diet can be utilized.